Muharram in IRAN

As an Islamic country, Muharram is considered one of the most sacred months in Iran and also among the other Muslims worldwide.

Many different religious ceremonies are held during this month, especially during the first ten days of this month.

Without any doubt the religious ceremonies which are held in Iran in Muharram are considered incredibly different and holy compared to the other Islamic countries.

With grief-stricken hearts, millions of the faithful across Iran along with their fellow Shia Muslims worldwide hold massive mourning ceremonies.

They do it in the lunar month of Muharram to commemorate the martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussein (AS), third Shia Imam and the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).


Muharram is one of the four sacred months of the year.

It is considered to be the most important after Ramadan.  From the first of Muharram to twentieth of Safar, Shia and Sunni Muslims commemorate the death of Imam Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad, his family and followers during the Battle of Karbala.

The focal date is the tenth-day mourning, called Ashura (also spelled Ashoura).

The word “Muharram” means “Forbidden” and is derived from the word harām, meaning “sinful”. It is held to be the most sacred of all the months, excluding Ramadan.

Alam or jerid is one of the symbolic  banner used in the mourning of Ashura among  Shiites.

It seems that a kind of Alam was used  at Al Boyah for ceremonies of the time of Agh Gholunlu`s  the drums and Alams were carried by the religious scholars at the religious ceremony.

By Safavid government, Alam was widely used in the ceremony of Muharram and other religious ceremonies.


Many believe that the sign Alam are returned to the post-Safavid period, to the era of ancient Iran and pre-Islamic Iran. .

At that time, when the high-rise apartments were not extant, when a ceremony was to be held in places, the Iranians drew a tall wood s and placed it vertically next to the wall, so that those who would like to attend the ceremony can find that.

Later, “Agh Qoyunlou” and “Qara-Qo-yunloo” turned the mourning symbol into another and used it in their mourning.

“Agh Qoyunlou” and “Qara-Qo-yunloo” turned the mourning symbol into another and used it in their mourning.


Ta’zieh is a traditional Persian theatrical genre in which the drama is conveyed predominantly through music and dramatic narration.

It is a play on religious rituals, which is especially performed in Iran during the holy month of Muharram concurrent with the anniversary of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein (AS) and 72 of his companions in Karbala.


Visiting Iran during Ashura and Muharram can be a truly extraordinary experience – and a perfect time to experience one of the most important and significant events of Shia Muslims in Iran.

Ashura in Iran can be a fascinating time to travel in the country, as it allows particular insights into the Shia Muslims and hospitable disposition of the Iranian people.

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